International athletes who attend sporting events in the UK may be subjected to UK tax on a higher proportion of their worldwide earnings than has previously been the case before.
However, HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) has denied a change in practice and has re-iterated that any payment made to sports people, regardless of where such a payment is made, should be taken into account when calculating taxes due in the UK.
Non resident sports people
Non resident athletes are, as a general rule, only subject to tax in the UK on any UK based performances. This is in contrast to the tax position for a non-resident employee who makes business trips to the UK, who provided certain conditions are met, can seek exemption from UK tax if he or she is only here for a limited period.
Following its success in the case against tennis star Andre Agassi in 2006, HMRC has been seeking to charge UK tax not only on appearance or tournament fees but also on a proportion of global endorsement and sponsorship income.
Mr Aggasi, tax resident in the US, had filed a UK tax return, declaring UK performance earnings only. In his view, income paid to him by sponsors based outside the UK and paid outside the UK was not subject to tax in the UK. HMRC argued successfully that as there was a connection between an appearance in the UK and income obtained through global sponsorship deals, a proportion of such endorsements were, in fact, earned in the UK and should therefore be subject to tax in the UK.
Calculation of UK earnings
How to calculate the proportion of income earned in the UK is a rather grey area which is subject to some debate (particularly given that sporting seasons can vary in length). HMRC is now taking a more hard line stance and looking to calculate UK taxable earnings for non resident sports people by reference to the total number of events attended in the tax year (rather than using the number of days present in the UK). On this basis, an individual attending 5 tournaments in a tax year, of which 1 was held in the UK, would be taxed on one-fifth of their global earnings and income from sponsorship deals compared with 2/52 for a two week attendance in the UK.
Extensive press coverage in this area has arisen, not least because a number of high profile sports people have confirmed that they intend to limit their attendance at sporting events in the UK. It is regrettable that the UK may lose the ability to host international sport events due to athletes’ concern to present their winnings and international sponsorship earnings from the UK taxman.